White-tailed deer density estimates across the eastern United States, | Ag Data Commons.[22schd] Game Zone 2 WMAs Only | eRegulations

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For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Estimate your “deer per acre”. Thread starter 1gr8bldr Start date Nov 22, The state has no way of giving a reasonable timberwolves news of deer per acre.

If I were to guess at the deer on my lease, I would estimate what I expected to see at each stand location on a given day, hypothetical assuming that those deer would not overlap stands. Partly due to distance they would need to travel. I come up to 1 deer per 7 acres. I do realize that deer do overlap. Yet this number is based on what I would expect to see if I were at every stand on the same evening hunt.

Now I realize this is not typical and others will say it’s not right. However, we rarely ever shoot anything until this year I’m shooting читать полностью does. Jn I think this number is actually higher. For instance, the other evening I saw 25 deer, [I could see yds each way] yet I counted that particular stand as expecting to see 5 on an evening hunt. I averaged the expectations, not going off the “best” sittings.

Also, much of this property is not covered because of a lack of a stand being in a particular area, arizona drinking age правы creating stand voids. Timberman Senior Member Nov 22, What county? Timberman said:. I hunt on acres, and one of our members, a retired wildlife biologist, estimates we have how many deer per acre in south carolina – how many deer per acre in south carolina on best places to live in south carolina mountains at any given time.

That works out to be about one deer how many deer per acre in south carolina – how many deer per acre in south carolina 25 acres. Not sure where he gets his ‘formula’. Based on having hunted there for 7 years, I’d say ссылка на подробности about right. Mercy, I’d quit hunting That’s less than 16 deer on acres.

And how many members? I usually see 5 to 12 every sitting, LOL, and I come out early. Southh edited: Nov 22, Nov 22, Killdee Senior Member Nov 22, Years ago when the pop was in the 1. Pet were everywhere and at night fields carokina woul fill up with deer.

Lee is close at Psm I think. I would say that our land is better than the surrounding areas, however, I do not know, not having laid eyes on it. However I hunted the “white store” area 20 years ago. It may have had more deer than I do now However, it was a small tract, and could have been the habitat relative to that around it so I can’t estimate here. White Senior Member Nov 22, Killdee said:.

I have 50 acre home site. We seen 15 deer at a time. We have 1 deer for every 3. We are trying to improve that. Long Cut Senior Member Nov 22, I lived on Martha’s Vineyard carloina summer and the deer population was mid 60’s per square mile and they were everywhere. I read an article where the average was psm up there. I couldn’t imagine having over 60 deer psm. I’d be scared to drive at night.

I would like to know how they determine these numbers? I was told by one biologist that it was based on reported harvest to which I replied, well that’s downright stupid. Spotlite Resident Homesteader Nov 22, Based only on trail cam pics But changes daily. Some days nothing, some days we get ran over.

This from NC’s deer density page prove harvest records determine their numbers. No Density Estimate Where harvest data are not available to produce density estimates because hunting is limited or prohibited: includes federal and state parks, municipal boundaries, water bodies, and human density greater than 1 person per 2 acres.

This is just stupid. Since we rarely shoot deer due to trophy intentions then this implies we must have lower deer counts rather than higher. What kind of math is that? This mentions Georgia specifically. Fish numbers and size limits are /1991.txt based on electroshocking. Which /4029.txt skewed because some fish like strippers are boat shy. However they are using a method to count the fish. Using deer harvest to estimate the states deer harvest is just plain stupid.

In my area, everyone’s waiting on the big one. So many deer are seen читать the pride of the hunt is how many you saw. When your seeing so many deer, it’s easy — let посмотреть больше walk because it offers no pride in killing something so easy to take and we get 2 buck tags of which we don’t want to use unless it’s really nice.

This is how many deer per acre in south carolina – how many deer per acre in south carolina mentality of the area or county in which I hunt. Who knew that peg wildlife would then conclude that we don’t have many deer per acre. How stupid. Our deer have grown afre rather than less due to this mentality.

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SCDNR – Deer Harvest Report.


The white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus is the most popular, sought after, economically important, and controversial game animal in South Carolina.

The primary objectives of this survey research were to obtain valid estimates of:. Information on hunter opinion related to certain aspects of the deer resource as well as estimates of the wild hog and coyote harvest in the state is also presented.

Due to the importance of deer as a state resource, SCDNR believes that accurately assessing the harvest of deer, as well as hunter participation in deer hunting, is key to the management of this species. Proposed changes in deer-related laws and regulations should have foundations in biology, therefore, the population dynamics associated with annual hunting mortality cannot be ignored.

Similarly, when issues arise that do not involve biological parameters, it is important to have information related to deer hunter activities afield because they too form an important basis for managing deer. Historically, deer harvest figures were developed using a system of mandatory deer check stations in the 18 county Upstate Game Zones 1 and 2 in conjunction with reported harvests from properties enrolled in the Antlerless Deer Quota Program ADQP in the 28 county Coastal Plain Game Zones 3 and 4.

This system yielded an actual count of harvested deer and was, therefore, an absolute minimum harvest figure.

Shortcomings in this system included deterioration of check station compliance in the Upstate and failure to report by ADQP cooperators in the Coastal Plain. Therefore, it is suspected that historic deer harvest figures only accounted for about one-half of the total deer harvest that occurred annually in the state.

The Deer Hunter Survey represents a random mail survey that involved a single mail-out. The mailing list database was constructed by randomly selecting 30, known Big Game Permit holders that included 8 license types.

The license types included:. The number of individuals associated with each license type was based on an attempted sampling rate of approximately 15 percent for licenses purchased through December of Since deer seasons statewide end on January 1 there was no need to sample individuals that were licensed thereafter. Data entry was completed by Data Dash, Inc.

Thanks to South Carolina deer hunters. As with any mail survey, a portion of the attempted sample 30, was returned as undeliverable mail Therefore, the actual attempted sample was 29, representing A total of 5, completed surveys were returned yielding a During the deer season it is estimated that a total of , bucks and 90, does were harvested for a statewide total of , deer Table 1. This represents a 2. Between and , however, the population trended down with the overall reduction in harvest likely attributable to a number of factors, including habitat change, two decades of aggressive antlerless deer harvest, and the complete colonization of the state by coyotes and their impact on fawn survival.

The fall of was the fourth season of the “all deer” tagging system and statewide limit on antlered deer. Prior to the tagging program, increases in harvest were normally the result of increases in the buck harvest or a more equal increase in buck and doe harvest. This disproportionate increase in harvest between the sexes may be indicative of the new buck limit having the desired effect of decreasing pressure on bucks and increasing the harvest on does.

It will likely take a few more years for this to become clearer. Comparisons can be made between deer harvests from the various counties in South Carolina if a harvest per unit area is established. Harvest per unit area standardizes the harvest among counties regardless of the size of individual counties. One measure of harvest rate is the number of deer taken per square mile ac.

When considering the estimated deer habitat that is available in South Carolina, the deer harvest rate in was 9. Although the deer harvest in the state has generally declined in recent years, South Carolina remains at the top among southeastern states, many of which have also noted a declining trend.

The top 5 counties for harvest per unit area were Anderson Total deer harvest by county is not comparable among counties because counties vary in size and are, therefore, not directly comparable.

However, it has become customary to rank the counties based on number of deer harvested Table 3. Deer harvest figures for coastal WMAs are from check stations and are presented only for those WMA properties that have a deer check-in requirement.

This assumes that hunters on WMA lands exhibit effort and deer harvest patterns similar to those of the general licensee database that was surveyed. Finally, the estimated deer harvest on WMA lands is included in, not additive to, the county and statewide estimates found throughout this report. During the season it is estimated that 4, bucks, 3, does, and 9 deer of unknown sex were harvested for a total deer harvest on Wildlife Management Areas of 7, Table 4.

This figure represents a 5 percent increase from The Deer Hunter Survey asked participants their opinion regarding the following question. Compared to past years, how would you rate the number of deer in the area that you hunt most often?

Survey participants were given 3 choices; increasing, about the same, or decreasing. On a scale of 1 to 3 with 1 being increasing, 2 being neutral, and 3 being decreasing, the overall mean rating of 2. Even though all individuals receiving a survey were licensed to hunt deer, only 88 percent actually hunted deer. For residents, 87 percent of sampled licensees hunted deer and for nonresidents 94 percent hunted deer.

Extrapolating to the respective licensee populations yields , residents Table 6 and 15, nonresidents Table 7 for a total of , deer hunters statewide during This figure represents a 6 percent increase from the , hunters in Counties with the highest estimates for individual hunters include Orangeburg, Colleton, Fairfield, Laurens, and Newberry for resident hunters Table 6 and Hampton, Allendale, Chester, Fairfield, and Bamberg for nonresidents Table 7.

For determination of hunting success only those individuals who actually hunted deer were included in the analysis and similarly, success was defined as harvesting at least one deer. Overall hunting success in was 69 percent, which should be considered very good. Estimates for resident and nonresident success rates for all counties are presented in Tables 6 and 7. For the purposes of this survey hunter effort was measured in days with one day being defined as any portion of the day spent afield.

Resident hunters averaged 15 days afield for a total of 2,, days deer hunting and nonresidents averaged 13 days for a total of , days Table 8. Total effort expended deer hunting in South Carolina during was estimated at 2,, days Table 8 , a 7 percent increase from The number of days devoted to deer hunting in South Carolina is very significant and points not only to the availability and popularity of deer as a game species, but to the obvious economic benefits related to this important natural resource.

Previous surveys conducted by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service indicate that approximately million dollars in direct retail sales are related to deer hunting in South Carolina annually.

Resident hunters expended the most hunting effort in Orangeburg, Colleton, Spartanburg, Aiken, and Laurens counties. Nonresidents hunted the most in Hampton, Allendale, Lancaster, Chester, and Colleton counties and these 5 counties totaled 38 percent of all the nonresident deer hunting effort that took place in South Carolina in There was more hunting effort in Hampton County by nonresidents than by residents.

Resident hunters who were successful at harvesting at least one deer averaged nearly twice as many days 17 days afield as unsuccessful residents 9 days Table 8.

Similarly, successful nonresidents 15 days averaged more days afield when compared with unsuccessful nonresidents 8 days. The amount of effort required to harvest a deer varied between residents and nonresidents and by the county hunted.

On the average it took less time for nonresidents to harvest a deer 9 days, Table 7 compared to residents 11 days, Table 6. Also, there may be less selectivity with respect to deer harvested by nonresidents. Counties requiring the least effort to harvest a deer included Beaufort, Orangeburg, Bamberg and Allendale, Barnwell, Hampton, and Jasper tie counties for resident hunters Table 6. On the other hand, nonresidents spent less time to harvest a deer in Pickens, Lee, Darlington, Spartanburg, and Anderson and Williamsburg tie counties Table 7 , however, none of these counties experienced what should be considered a high level of nonresident hunting activity.

Shotguns 7. Although rifles are used by over 90 percent of hunters, nearly 80 percent of hunters use multiple weapons during the deer season Table 10 , Table This finding has been consistent for many years and two points can likely be made. First, since most aspects of deer hunting travel, accommodations, etc. Second, shotguns are the customary weapon related to hunting deer with dogs and the argument can be made that dog hunting is being practiced more by residents than nonresidents.

The weapons utilization data supports this contention. Keep in mind that muzzleloader or primitive weapons seasons on private land are only available in Game Zones 1 and 2 the Upstate.

It is suspected that the high utilization of muzzleloaders by nonresidents is related to the availability of this special season at an earlier date in South Carolina than in neighboring states. Also, the argument can be made that muzzleloaders require less commitment than archery equipment and would allow nonresidents a comparatively easy method of harvesting deer during the special season.

This finding has been consistent for many years. Unlike weapons utilization, weapons preference is the single weapon that a hunter prefers. Nonetheless, the number of hunters indicating that bows are their preferred weapon has increased over time. Finally, there are several interesting points that can be made about preferences for other weapons based on residency.

The explanation of this situation is similar to that for weapons utilization in that, 1 residents do most of the dog hunting in the state and tend to use shotguns, and 2 nonresidents use muzzleloaders to take advantage of a special season that is not available as early in their home state. The Deer Hunter Survey asked hunters to provide information on the month of kill for deer taken during the season.

Although South Carolina is noted to have the longest firearms deer season in the country, the relationship between season length and deer harvest is often misunderstood. Deer naturally increase their movements during the breeding season or rut making them more susceptible to being seen and harvested by hunters.

In contrast, outside of the breeding season deer movements are reduced, therefore the chances of hunters seeing and harvesting deer are reduced. Deer harvest by month of season demonstrates this phenomenon Figure 2. Although firearms seasons are not open in all parts of the state in late August and early September, relatively few deer are harvested during that time where the season is open.

On the other hand, a disproportionately high number of deer are taken during October and November. October and November encompass the majority of the breeding season in South Carolina with over 80 percent of does conceiving during that period Figure 3. Ultimately, timing of the season is a more important factor in determining deer harvest and quality hunting than the length of the season. Although South Carolina offers early opening seasons, there may be negative consequences as it relates to deer harvest.

Hunters should understand that hunting pressure that builds prior to the breeding season can suppress daytime movements of deer during the breeding season when deer movements and hunter harvests should be greatest. Wild Hog Harvest The Deer Hunter Survey also asked hunters to provide information on their wild hog and coyote harvesting activities. Documenting the hog harvest became customary several years ago because wild hogs are commonly taken incidental to deer hunting.

Wild or feral hogs are often thought of as “game” and there is a certain amount of sport associated with harvesting hogs. Wild hogs provide quality meat for the hunter and mature hogs can make a highly sought-after “trophy”. Wild hogs are not native to South Carolina or any part of the North American continent.

They are descendants of European domestic hogs that escaped or were released dating back as far as the early Spanish explorers. Also, closed-range or fencing requirements for livestock did not arise until the ‘s and letting hogs “free-range” was common prior to fencing laws.


[22schd] Deer Rules & Regulations | eRegulations – Deer Density question – How many deer per acre?


I read an article where the average was psm up there. I couldn’t imagine having over 60 deer psm.. I’d be scared to drive at night. I would like to know how they determine these numbers? I was told by one biologist that it was based on reported harvest to which I replied, well that’s downright stupid. Spotlite Resident Homesteader Nov 22, Based only on trail cam pics But changes daily. Some days nothing, some days we get ran over. This from NC’s deer density page prove harvest records determine their numbers.

No Density Estimate Where harvest data are not available to produce density estimates because hunting is limited or prohibited: includes federal and state parks, municipal boundaries, water bodies, and human density greater than 1 person per 2 acres. This is just stupid.

Since we rarely shoot deer due to trophy intentions then this implies we must have lower deer counts rather than higher. What kind of math is that? This mentions Georgia specifically. Fish numbers and size limits are usually based on electroshocking. Which is skewed because some fish like strippers are boat shy. However they are using a method to count the fish. Using deer harvest to estimate the states deer harvest is just plain stupid. The top of their tail is brown, but the underside is very fluffy and white.

When alarmed, white-tailed deer will raise their tail straight up, flashing the white. If you ever see a deer in the woods and they spot you, you might catch them flagging as they run away. The male white-tailed deer will grow a new set of antlers every year. The overall size, length, and branches on antlers depends on how well-fed the deer is, how old it is, and some is just genetics. The antlers grow in late spring, and are covered with tissue called velvet during this growth period.

The antlers are used during the breeding season to compete for breeding females. After the breeding season is over males will shed their antlers during the winter. Their size can vary greatly dependent on their location. On average in North America, males weigh pounds and females weigh 88 — pounds. The largest deer are often found along the northern portions of their range, while the tiny Key Deer of Florida barely make it to pounds. One of the things that makes white-tailed deer so widespread is their ability to adapt to many environments.

Many white-tailed deer live in forests and prefer habitat with young growth and forest edge. However in parts of their range, populations have adapted to prairie and savanna land such as Texas, Arizona and Mexico , tropical or subtropical forests in Central America, and mountain grassland in the Andes of South America. These deer are ruminants , which means they have a four-chambered stomach. This not only allows them to digest a wide variety of foods, but they can eat and wait until later to digest.

A useful trick if they are grazing and need to quickly flee from a predator. White-tailed deer are mainly herbivores and will eat what they can find during each season. This includes plant shoots, legumes, cacti, leaves, grasses, fruit , corn, acorns and mushrooms. Deer eat a lot, about 2, pounds of plant matter each year. When too many deer are in one environment, they can be a detriment by not allowing plants to grow to maturity or even completely wiping out a species of plant from an ecosystem.

The majority of the North American population lives east of the Rocky Mountains. White-tailed deer are classified as the species Odocoileus virginianus , the Virginia white-tailed deer.

However world-wide there are 26 known subspecies, with 17 of those occurring in the U. The main noticeable difference between the mule deer and the white-tailed deer are ear size, tails, and antlers. Their tail is thinner than the white-tailed deer, with a distinctive black tip at the bottom. This means they fork as they grow. Like other deer species they grow new antlers each spring and shed them during the winter. The rut, which is their mating season, occurs in the fall and the fawns are born in the spring.

On average in North America, males weigh — pounds and females weigh 95 — pounds. Unlike white-tailed deer, some mule deer are migratory. They will spend the summer in higher elevations, then travel down to lower elevations during the winter.

This helps them avoid the harsher high elevation winter conditions such as deeper snow that covers up food. The longest known mule deer migration occurs in Wyoming where deer travel miles from the Red Desert to the mountain slopes around the Hoback Basin.

The mule deer is a generalist and will forage on whatever is available. Studies of mule deer populations have shown that they have been recorded as eating nearly different plant species. This includes flowers, grass, tree and shrub fruits, nuts, acorns, berries and lichen. While the white-tailed deer more or less stop east of the Rocky Mountains, the mule deer take over west of the Rockies.

They are most populous on the western Great Plains, in the Rocky Mountains, the southwestern states, and on the west coast of North America. Mule deer are classified as the species Odocoileus hemionus , the Rocky-Mountain mule deer. There are eight accepted subspecies in the U. Even though black-tailed deer are considered subspecies of mule deer, there is still some debate on their origins and they are often counted separately. Coat color tends to be more reddish-brown in the spring and grayish-brown during winter.

Sitka overall have a darker coat than the Columbian. Black-tailed deer have a white patch on rump, which their tail mostly covers. The tail is straight and black on top with white underneath. Sitka are the smaller subspecies weighing between 80 — pounds.

Columbian weigh between 88 — pounds. For both species females are smaller than the males. Black-tailed deer in their native Pacific northwest range live in dense coastal rainforest and semi-open habitats including riparian forest along river banks and areas of tangled shrubs and thicket. It is important they have access to both the cover provided by the forest and the grazing in open areas and along the forest edge. Like most deer, black-tail browse on what vegetation is available in each season.

This includes during the winter and early spring, they feed on Douglas fir, western red cedar, red huckleberry, salal, deer fern, and lichens growing on trees. Late spring to fall, they consume grasses, blackberries, apples, fireweed, pearly everlasting, forbs, salmonberry, salal, and maple. While their historic range expanded further east, today you can find them in western Oregon, northern California, Washington, the Alaskan panhandle and areas of British Columbia.

A small population has also been introduced on the island of Kaui, Hawaii. Which came first, the black-tailed deer or the mule deer? I have seen some debate on this but at the time of writing this article the consensus is that black-tailed deer are a subspecies of the mule deer. When Europeans first came to America, they found deer a plentiful resource in most states.

During this time anyone could hunt deer and they were often a life line, providing meat and skin to the early settlers. As the population grew, the demand for market hunting increased and deer were hunted in greater and greater numbers. Animal husbandry and agriculture also grew, removing forested land in favor of farming. Over time this heavy hunting and habitat loss took a real toll.

Hunting seasons, bag limits, deer restocking and habitat restoration are just a few of the management practices that sprung up.

Also the growth of suburbs that broke up large swaths of forested land into smaller chunks actually benefited the deer. Deer rely on young forest and forest edge habitat. All this brings us to today. Deer populations are actually higher than they were historically in many areas, or they are at the point of exceeding the carrying capacity of their local environment. So what are the problems that come with too many deer? While there is no one fail safe solution to keep them away, here are a few top tips.

We also share helpful tips and guides on a variety of topics related to animals and nature. Deer population in 50 U. New Hampshire.

New Jersey. New Mexico. New York. North Carolina. North Dakota. Good point about the food plots. Good to know. I was thinking more towards one deer per 20 acres. Do you happen to know what your recommended acres per animal unit it ie-have you talked to the NRCS? What is your grass vs.

Acres of improved pasture vs native? Reason I ask, quick rummaging of various sources, I get an average of about We really aren’t out of a drought, so that recommendation could go higher. I’m usually pretty conservative with my recommendations. I’d recommend getting someone out to evaluate the site before you look at adding any deer, especially with that many cows already. If you want to feed heavy, fine by me too.

We have talked to NRCS and they’ve come out to the property. We have cleared cedar to make room for grasses which we will plant within the next few months.

All this being for cattle. They recommended trimming the cattle numbers down from 27 to around We are still learning first year with cows.

I will use the relationship with NRCS to ask about deer as well. Thanks ursusguy. Cool, sounds like your conditions were slightly better than I was calculating for. Keep in mind, for every cow, you get about 7 deer. So, if you keep feeding both cattle and deer at about the level you are now, at 20 cows you are currently at about capacity on deer.

Want to make sure I’m understanding you right. At 20 cows, how many deer can I have? Without seeing anything, purely running numbers on general standard, sounds like you can run 20 AU without supplemental feed.

I’d try to stick to about deer. Keep in mind, at roughly 13 does, you are looking at about 26 potential additions a year. This means at 20 cows, you are effectively needing to feed up 4 AU. And keeps you to about 1 deer to 15 acres.

Joined: Aug 26, Joined: Apr 25, Posts: 4, Shoot doe, supp feed, plant food plots, stay under with cows and you’ll be good. Extended Metadata:. Woodall, Christopher W. Forest Service. Quality Deer Management Association. Walters, Brian F.